Prayer is an important part of Catholic worship as it provides the opportunity to communicate with God. The Catholic Catechism states, Prayer is the raising of one’s heart and mind to God or the requesting of good things from God (Catholic Catechism 2259). This shows that prayer is considered a two-way process. Catholics pray to God to develop spiritually, and God has the power to answer prayers…. Adopted from the BBC Website

“The Rosary is a powerful weapon to put the demons to flight and to keep oneself from sin…If you desire peace in your hearts, in your homes, and in your country, assemble each evening to recite the Rosary. Let not even one day pass without saying it, no matter how burdened you may be with many cares and labors.”~Pope Pius XI

How to Say The Rosary

  • On the crucifix, make the sign of the cross and then pray the Apostles’ Creed.

    I BELIEVE in God, the Father almighty,
    creator of heaven and earth.

    I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord.
    He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit
    and born of the Virgin Mary.

    He suffered under Pontius Pilate,
    was crucified, died, and was buried.

    He descended to the dead.
    On the third day he rose again.
    He ascended into heaven,
    and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
    He will come again to judge the living and the dead.

    I believe in the Holy Spirit,
    the holy catholic Church,
    the communion of saints,
    the forgiveness of sins,
    the resurrection of the body,
    and the life everlasting.


  • On the next large bead, say the Our Father.

    Our Father, Who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, Amen.

  • On the following three small beads, pray three Hail Marys.

    Hail Mary, full of grace. The Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

  • On the chain, pray the Glory Be.

    Glory be to the Father, to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, as it was, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

  • On the large bead, meditate on the first mystery and pray the Our Father.

    You pray mysteries for each of the five sections (decades) of the rosary according to the day of the week:

    Mondays and Saturdays:

    The Joyful Mysteries remind the faithful of Christ’s birth: The Annunciation (Luke 1:26–38); The Visitation (Luke 1:39–56); The Nativity (Luke 2:1–21); The Presentation (Luke 2:22–38); The Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41–52)

Tuesdays and Fridays:

The Sorrowful Mysteries recall Jesus’ passion and death: The Agony of Jesus in the Garden (Matthew 26:36–56); The Scourging at the Pillar (Matthew 27:26); The Crowning with Thorns (Matthew 27:27–31); The Carrying of the Cross (Matthew 27:32); The Crucifixion (Matthew 27:33–56).

Wednesdays and Sundays:

The Glorious Mysteries focus on the resurrection of Jesus and the glories of heaven: The Resurrection (John 20:1–29); The Ascension (Luke 24:36–53); The Descent of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:1–41); The Assumption of Mary, the Mother of God, into heaven; The Coronation of Mary in heaven.


The Mysteries of Light: The Baptism in the River Jordan (Matthew 3:13–16); The Wedding Feast at Cana (John 2:1–11); The Preaching of the coming of the Kingdom of God (Mark 1:14–15); The Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1–8); The Institution of the Holy Eucharist (Matthew 26).

  • Skip the centerpiece medallion, and on the ten beads after that, pray a Hail Mary on each bead; on the chain, pray a Glory Be.
  • Say the Fatima Prayer after the Glory Be and before the next Our Father: O My Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell and lead all souls to heaven, especially those in most need of Thy mercy. Amen.
  • Repeat the Steps  four more times to finish the next four decades.
  • At the end of your Rosary, say the Hail Holy Queen.

    Hail, Holy Queen, Mother of mercy, our life, our sweetness, and our hope. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve, to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb Jesus, O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.

  • Pray for us, O holy Mother of God. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

  • O God, whose only-begotten Son, by His life, death, and resurrection, has purchased for us the rewards of eternal salvation; grant we beseech Thee, that meditating upon these mysteries of the most holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise. Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.

    You can say other prayers after. Click here


“If you say the Rosary faithfully until death, I do assure you that, in spite of the gravity of your sins, you shall receive a never fading crown of glory. For even if you are now on the brink of damnation, even if you have one foot in hell, even if you have sold your soul to the devil…sooner or later you will be converted and will amend your life and save your soul. If–you say the Rosary devoutly every day of your life.”~St. Louis De Montfort

Pope's Message on the Rosary

Letter of His Holiness Pope Francis to the Faithful for the Month of May 2020

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

The month of May is approaching, a time when the People of God express with particular intensity their love and devotion for the Blessed Virgin Mary.  It is traditional in this month to pray the Rosary at home within the family.  The restrictions of the pandemic have made us come to appreciate all the more this “family” aspect, also from a spiritual point of view.

For this reason, I want to encourage everyone to rediscover the beauty of praying the Rosary at home in the month of May.  This can be done either as a group or individually; you can decide according to your own situations, making the most of both opportunities.  The key to doing this is always simplicity, and it is easy also on the internet to find good models of prayers to follow.

I am also providing two prayers to Our Lady that you can recite at the end of the Rosary, and that I myself will pray in the month of May, in spiritual union with all of you.  I include them with this letter so that they are available to everyone.

Dear brothers and sisters, contemplating the face of Christ with the heart of Mary our Mother will make us even more united as a spiritual family and will help us overcome this time of trial.  I keep all of you in my prayers, especially those suffering most greatly, and I ask you, please, to pray for me.  I thank you, and with great affection I send you my blessing.

Archbishop of Lagos

The Rosary, when it is prayed in an authentic way, not mechanical and superficial but profoundly, it brings, in fact, peace and reconciliation. It contains within itself the healing power of the Most Holy Name of Jesus, invoked with faith and love at the centre of each “Hail Mary”. – Pope Benedict XVI

My dear people of God, as we come to the end of the Marian Year, I thank God exceedingly who continues to bless us daily. In a special way, we thank God for the gift of his mother to the Church and the world. For truly, the Blessed Virgin Mary is the help of Christians. We rejoice in her unfailing help as we call upon God to continually heal us and our world of our pain and distress.

The Message from History

As history has it, in 1917, in the town of Fatima in Portugal, the Queen of heaven and earth appeared to three little shepherd children, Lucia de los Santos, and Francisco and Jacinta Marto. Our Lady appeared six times on the 13th of the Months of May to October and every time that she appeared, she repeated ONE key message through the appearances: Pray the Rosary! She revealed her name and identity as Our Lady of the Rosary. We commemorate this title of the ever Virgin on October 7 of the Liturgical Calendar.

History is one of the most remarkable things in our lives. The mere fact it occurred makes it remarkable. Once it has occurred, how can it not be true? How can it not have an impression no matter how tiny it might be, in the lives of people? The tenets of our faith in the Triune God and the Holy Catholic Church arise from history: the creation of the world in the beginning and as recorded in the Book of Genesis, the relationship between the One and sovereign God and the Patriarchs and the people of Israel, the Incarnation and Nativity of Jesus, the growth of the kingdom of God and the Church, all of these happened (and still happens) in time. This is the case in the apparition of our Blessed Mother, with its centennial being celebrated in this year.

I recall once the quote of the 26th president of the United State of America, Theodore Roosevelt, who said “the more you know about the past, the better prepared you are for the future.” Thus the more we know about the circumstances that led to the apparitions of 1917 and the messages that followed from the mouth of the Blessed Virgin, the more we will better prepare for the future coming of our saviour Jesus, who will come to judge the living and the dead. It is important like the stewards at the wedding feast at Cana (cf. Jn 2:5) to listen to the words and instructions of our Blessed Mother whose message is not different from her Son and our Saviour, Jesus; a message of the need for prayer, reparation, repentance, and sacrifice, and the abandonment of sin.

Me and My Rosary

As clearly deduced from the Fatima event, the dominant message is “Pray the Rosary daily”. A call that unites us with the action of Jesus himself who was always in communication and communion with God the Father throughout his public ministry.

If a mother echoes to her child a mandate sundry times, it is because she is convinced from the depths of her heart, that what she is commanding or requesting with great fervour is of great importance. Similarly, the Mother of God and our Mother, Mary most Holy, instructed the children at Fatima, as well as the world at large, six times to pray the Rosary daily. The emphasis cannot be overlooked. Also, following from the demand to obey our earthly mothers as contained in the 4th Commandment, how much more should we obey our Heavenly Mother? In essence, this is a message that although counts for the world, it is first to be internalized by every dedicated heart.

We should form the most important habit of praying the Rosary, not sometimes or simply upon an impulse. Rather, we should form the habit of praying the most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary every day; if possible, we could even pray the Rosary more than once a day, as was often the habit in the lives of many of the saints. But how can this happen if a number of reasons that will militate or impede our love for the Rosary abound? A simple attitude of having ‘my Rosary’ in my bag, purse, pocket, around my neck is something that is losing grip among a great majority of Catholics. When the praying of the Rosary is spoken of, it is conceived under the guise of a communal prayer, which in itself is not wrong, but the personal and private meditative praying of the Rosary by individual hearts meets little love and understanding.

I want to urge everyone to take out time to read and meditate on 1 Samuel 17, the story of the battle between David and Goliath. It gives the impression as if we are David against Goliath. David was much younger and smaller in stature, with no military grounding (no sword, no shield, nor even any armor). On the other hand, Goliath was a giant, with much experience in combat, fully dressed with his armor and wielding a massive sword and even with a shield bearer foregoing him.

However, while Goliath was sparring, David proceeds with confidence in the name of Yahweh, the Lord of lords and King of kings. He reaches for a stone, places it in his slingshot and launches it at Goliath and strikes him in the head.

Today we are surrounded by many Modern Goliaths – materialism, ruthless appetite for sin, demonic influence – therefore for us to win the ferocious battle, we must place ourselves under the armed guidance of the Blessed Virgin Mary and confidently wield our spiritual weapon, the most Holy Rosary, (my Rosary) and use it frequently and with Faith. Each one can say to himself or herself boldly “with my Rosary I have indisputable courage with such a weapon and a great leader that the battle will be won and the victory will be mine.”

The Pope emeritus, Benedict XVI during an address after the recitation of the Holy Rosary at the Basilica of Saint Mary Major on Saturday 3rd May, 2008, expressed the depths of the Church’s praise and reverence for this unique prayer. In his words:

“Today, together we confirm that the Holy Rosary is not a pious practice banished to the past, like prayers of other times thought of with nostalgia. Instead, the Rosary is experiencing a new springtime. Without a doubt, this is one of the most eloquent signs of love that the young generation nourish for Jesus and his Mother, Mary. In the current world, so dispersive, this prayer helps to put Christ at the centre, as the Virgin did, who meditated within all that was said about her Son, and also what he did and said. When reciting the Rosary, the important and meaningful moments of salvation history are relived. The various steps of Christ’s mission are traced. With Mary the heart is oriented toward the mystery of Jesus. Christ is put at the centre of our life, of our time, of our city, through the contemplation and meditation of his holy mysteries of joy, light, sorrow and glory.”


My dear friends in Christ, the rosary should have a new springtime in our lives especially as we mark the Marian Year throughout the Church in Nigeria. With the disturbing trend of evil and hatred that seem to characterize our world today, the power of love manifested in the rosary as the Blessed Virgin Mary accompanied the Son through the journey of his salvific mission must guide us anew. Christ must be put at the center of our personal, social, political and cultural lives. Through the high and low points of the life of Jesus, we learn through the prayer of the rosary the importance of journeying along with faith and trust in God who orders our lives according to his divine will.

The Rosary, a prayer though simple, touches God most profoundly as it unites his mother to his Son – Jesus Christ. Little wonder Pope Francis gives people he meets a rosary. In his words, “Our Lady is always close to Her children and ready to help when we pray to her, when we ask for her protection… let us remember she is always ready to serve and never keeps anyone waiting.”

May Mary help us to welcome within ourselves the grace stemming from the mysteries of the Rosary, so that we can transform the society, beginning with our own daily relationships, and purifying them from so many negative forces. Amen.

† Alfred Adewale Martins

Archbishop of Lagos